A Monotonicity Property Involving 3F2 and Comparisons of the Classical Approximations of Elliptical Arc Length
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A Monotonicity Property Involving 3F2 and Comparisons of the Classical Approximations of Elliptical Arc Length

Richards, Kendall C.

20180227

20180227

2001

Barnard, R. W., Pearce, K., & Richards, K. C. (January 01, 2001). A Monotonicity Property Involving 3F2 and Comparisons of the Classical Approximations of Elliptical Arc Length. Siam Journal on Mathematical Analysis, 32, 2, 403.

https://collections.southwestern.edu/s/suscholar/item/256

Conditions are determined under which 3F2 (−n, a, b; a + b + 2, ε − n + 1; 1) is a monotone function of n satisfying ab· 3F2 (−n, a, b; a + b + 2, ε − n + 1; 1) ≥ ab· 2F1 (a, b; a + b + 2; 1) .Motivated by a conjecture of Vuorinen [Proceedings of Special Functions and Differential Equations, K. S. Rao, R. Jagannathan, G. Vanden Berghe, J. Van der Jeugt, eds., Allied Publishers, New Delhi, 1998], the corollary that 3F2(−n, − 1 2 , − 1 2 ; 1, ε − n + 1; 1) ≥ 4 π , for 1 > ≥ 1
4 and n ≥ 2, is used to determine surprising hierarchical relationships among the 13 known historical approximations of the arc length of an ellipse. This complete list of inequalities compares the Maclaurin series coefficients of 2F1 with the coefficients of each of the known approximations, for which maximum errors can then be established. These approximations range over four centuries from Kepler’s in 1609 to Almkvist’s in 1985 and include two from Ramanujan.

Siam Journal on Mathematical Analysis

Hypergeometric

Approximations

Elliptical arc length

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